Combined Heat and Power Generation (CHP)
Finland is the leading country in the world in combined heat and power (CHP) generation. Almost 80 per cent of district heat production is based on CHP generation. Correspondingly, one-third of electricity is obtained in CHP generation. No other country has such a great market share of CHP electricity than Finland. In the EU, combined heat and power generation amounts to only just over ten per cent of total electricity production.
The target of the Kyoto Protocol is a global agreement aiming for the reduction of greenhouse gases. Due to these obligations, North American and Asian countries in addition to the European Union have started to take interest in CHP production. Therefore, CHP generation is regarded in the EU as the most significant individual method to reduce the creation of greenhouse gases. In Finland, the significance of CHP production is increasing even further.